Automated driving functions are traditionally tested in on-road studies, however, mainly focusing on technological aspects (sensor accuracy, etc.). Field studies addressing users’ individual needs and expectations are still rare. As a consequence, it is still unclear whether or not automated driving systems will reach a comprehensive market penetration. To address this issue, we set-up a user study and compared users’ acceptance (utilizing the Technology Acceptance Model) as a passenger (N=12) of a traditional group taxi vs. an automated bus shuttle both driving in regular traffic.
Results show that participants questioned the usefulness of the automated bus shuttle, mainly due to the reduced speed, but, on the other hand, rated their perceived ease of use and their attitude towards using the ADS more positive than expected. Thus, we conclude that with further development of the technology and by including a user-centered design approach, high user acceptance of ADSs can finally be achieved.
My part in the project
I developed with my colleague the study design and the methodological setup.
I was conducting and analyzing the data from the qualitative interviews and the questionnaires used.
I created the report with the study results for our client and co-authored related publications.
Together with my colleague, I was creating the video. I was responsible for film editing with Adobe Premiere. My colleague was responsible for the sound.
Springer Open Access 2020
Wintersberger, P., Frison, A. K., Thang, I., & Riener, A. (2020). Mensch oder Maschine? Direktvergleich von automatisiert und manuell gesteuertem Nahverkehr. In Autonome Shuttlebusse im ÖPNV (pp. 95-113). Springer Vieweg, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Wintersberger, P., Löcken, A., Frison, A. K., & Riener, A. (2020). Evaluierung von Benutzeranforderungen für die Kommunikation zwischen automatisierten Fahrzeugen und ungeschützten Verkehrsteilnehmern. In Autonome Shuttlebusse im ÖPNV (pp. 115-132). Springer Vieweg, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Frison, A. K., Riener, A., Wintersberger, P., & Schartmueller, C. (2018, September). Man vs. Machine: A Documentary About Automated Driving In 2018 Somewhere In Bavaria. In Adjunct Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications (pp. 256-258). ACM.
Wintersberger, P., Frison, A. K., & Riener, A. (2018, September). Man vs. Machine: Comparing a Fully Automated Bus Shuttle with a Manually Driven Group Taxi in a Field Study. In Adjunct Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications (pp. 215-220). ACM.
Best Video Award 2018